Lion's mane mushroom is a fungus classified under the fungus, Basidiomycetes, Aphyllophorales, Hydnaceae. is a fungus widely distributed in regions of China and Japan. This fungus grows on woody plants: groups of chestnut oak, or broadleaf trees that are living or decayed to the innermost part of the bark (the core of the tree) thus can kill the tree. In Japan, this mushroom is like the jewelry on the clothes of the ancient forest thoracic group, so it is called Yamabushitake. In China, this mushroom when young fruits have the shape of a monkey with long arms should be called Houtou (lion's mane mushroom). This fungus is used as a dry powder in a filter bag with boiling water, such as making tea, soaking in wine to make kimu, which is used as a nutritious, energy-dense and especially valuable food in cancer prevention. .
Yamabushitake (Lion mushroom)
For the first time, Chen (1960, 1988) reported successful rearing of the H. lioninerum mushroom. Later, Xu and Li (1984) discovered H.coralloides in Changbaishan and were fully cultivated. H. caputmedusae has been recently researched and produced by Chinese and Japanese scientists using fermentation technology in the liquid medium, creating biomass of fibrous system (mycelium), then extracting and refining. by hot water, obtained preparations. Doctors in Changchun town of Jilin Province have prepared and sold widely in the market, as a medicine to treat intestinal and stomach (Mizuno, 1994,1998). Lion's mane mushroom is also used as a stimulating drink but not the Doping style at the Asiad Games held in 1990, this soft drink has been used as a source of energy for the entire Chinese team.
2-Food value of lion's mane mushrooms
The nutritional content of the lion's mane H. erinaceum is shown through the analysis tables of Professor Mizuno, Shizuoka University, Japan (1998). The comparative data of products in Jilin (China) and Nagano (Japan) show that lion's mane is a nutritious food, with a moderate amount of heat, balanced nutrition. , rich in minerals and vitamins.
Although unsaturated fatty acids in mushrooms do not have official specifications, they are noted to be significantly high. These are ingredients that have nutritional value and prevent cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Lion's mane mushroom is quite rich in minerals, especially Ge, an extremely rare metal with anti-cancer activity, doing research to enrich Ganoderma lucidum Ganoderma lucidum. The amino acid composition also has a balanced nutritional value, notably the high content of glutamic and tryptophan.
The vitamins, especially B1, B2 are quite high, with Niacine. Vitamin A is low, C. Provitamin D has not been found to be particularly high in Japanese dried mushrooms, capable of converting to vitamin D2 when light or drying, metabolizing Calcium, as well as being able to prevention of osteoporosis, weak bones.
3. Uses and pharmacological effects
- Clinically, Chinese doctors have widely used monkey head mushroom to treat gastric, duodenal, ulcerative, gastric and other gastrointestinal diseases.
- Monkey head mushroom has a good effect on Alzeimers disease, prevents the aging process and restores neurons, strengthens the immune system and fights metastatic lung cancer. Polysaccharide from monkey head fungus is effective on stomach, esophageal cancer ...
- Improve the resistance against hypoxia, anti-fatigue, anti-oxidant, anti-mutation, reduce blood fat, promote blood circulation, anti-aging.
- In traditional Chinese medicine, using dried monkey head mushrooms and hot water extract helps to increase digestion and strengthen the body.
- Experiments on toxicity have been studied carefully and showed that both fruiting bodies and mycelium have no toxicities to humans.
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Source: Health Magazine