Moringa: The Universal Plant for the Harsh Eco Region
Grapes tree also known as "miracle tree", "magic tree", or "miracle tree", derived from the English name is "Miracle tree". Indeed, this is a multipurpose tree, or in other words, a multipurpose tree, because in many parts of the world, especially in developing regions in Asia and Africa, it is considered invaluable resources, preventing malnutrition, protecting public health and preventing natural disasters. In addition to providing nutrients, the parts of the moringa tree have a broad spectrum of properties, used to treat many different diseases. It is also traditional Indian medicine that has identified 300 different diseases treated with the leaves of this plant.
1. About nutrition: Moringa nông lâm It has been shown that most of its living parts contain enough nutrients, which can benefit human and animal life.
1.1. Leaves are used as vegetables (leaves, buds, twigs and even seedlings are used to mix vinegar oil instead of lettuce), making curry powder, making silage to make spices, making refreshments ... In Africa, It is used to prevent malnutrition for children. Moringa leaves nông lâm contains many useful vitamins and mineral salts, with very high levels: vitamin C 7 times higher in oranges, provitamin A 4 times higher in carrots, calcium 4 times higher in milk, potassium higher 3 times in bananas, 3 times more iron in lettuce, and even 2 times higher in protein in milk. In addition, it also contains many B vitamins, sulfur amino acids such as methionine, cysteine and many other essential amino acids. Therefore, moringa leaves are considered as one of the most valuable plant nutrition sources. 100 g of dried leaf powder contains: calorie 205, protein (g) 27.1, fat (g) 2,3, carbohydrate (g) 38.2, fiber (g) 19.2, Ca (mg) 2,003, Mg (mg) 368, P (mg) 204, K (mg) 1,324, Cu (mg) 0,57, Fe (mg) 28,2, S (mg) 870, oxalic acid (mg) 1,6 , vitamin A-β carotene (mg) 16.3, vitamin B1 - thiamin (mg) 2.64, vitamin B2 - riboflavin (mg) 20.5, vitamin B3 - nicotinic acid (mg) 8.2, vitamin C - ascorbic acid (mg) 17.3, vitamin E - tocopherol acetate (mg) 113, arginine (g / 16gN) 1.33, histidine (g / 16gN) 0.61, lysine (g / 16gN) 1.32, tryptophan (g / 16gN) 0.43, phenylanaline (g / 16gN) 1.39, methionine (g / 16gN) 0.35, threonine (g / 16gN) 1.19, leucine (g / 16gN) 1.95, isoleucine (g / 16gN) 0.83, valine (g / 16gN) 1.06.
1.2. Moringa Can be used to make vegetables or tea (many Western countries produce moringa tea marketed), providing a good source of calcium and potassium mineral salts. It is also a very good source of raw materials for beekeepers. Its young pods can be fried to taste with asparagus flavor.
1.3. Moringa oleifera seeds contains a lot of oil, the amount of oil accounts for 30-40 grain weight, where moringa oleifera seed oil, oil yield reaches 10 tons / ha. Moringa oleifera seed oil contains 65.7 oleic acid, 9.3 palmitic acid, 7.4 stearic acid and 8.6 behenic acid. In Malaysia, Moringa seeds are used to eat like peanuts. Moringa oleoresin is edible, and can also be used to lubricate machines, watches, for cosmetic technology, soap, for hair brushing. Moringa oleifera oil is marketed under the English name ben-oil. That is why Moringa is called "Ben-oil tree".
1.4. Young root segments are used as vegetables instead of horseradish. Horseradish is a species of lettuce with the scientific name Armoracia rusticana = Cochlearia armoracia, the English name is Horseradish, so the Moringa oleifera also has the English name "Horsradish tree" and from there the Vietnamese also called it " horseradish. ”
2. Regarding medicine: Moringa has been used as a medicine for many different ailments.
2.1. Leaves, flowers and roots are used in public medicine, treating tumors. Leaves are used orally to treat hypotension and rubbing into the temples to treat headaches. Many recent studies show that, Moringa leaves nông lâm acts as an antibiotic against minor infections. The bark, leaves and roots are used to enhance digestion. According to Hartwell, flowers, leaves and roots are also used to treat swelling, while seeds are used to treat bloating. Leaves are also used to treat skin cuts, abrasions, swelling, itchy rashes, or signs of skin aging. Leaf extract works to maintain stable blood pressure, treat mental illness, fight skin infections. It is also used to control blood sugar in the case of diabetes. Carrot extract with carrot juice is a diuretic drink. Flour made from fresh leaves has the ability to provide energy that makes energy doubled when used regularly. Leaves are also used to treat fever, bronchitis, eye and ear infections, myositis, worms, and as an antidote. Women who eat leaves will increase lactation. In the Philippines, the leaves are indicated for anti-anemia, because of their high iron content.
2.2. Seed Treatment of gastritis. Seed oil is used topically to treat tinea. The University of San Carlos in Guatemala has found an antibiotic that works like neomycin that protects the skin from inflammation caused by Staphylococcus aureus. This antibiotic is a mixture of antibacterial and fungi called pterygospermin, the chemical name is glucosinolate 4 alpha-L-rhamnosyloxy benzyl isothiocyanate. In many parts of the world, granulated ground powder is used to disinfect river and river water during the flood season.The total number of Escherichia coli bacilli is up to 1,600 - 18,000 / 100 ml, treated with moringa seed powder for several hours. has been reduced to 1 - 200/100 ml.
2.3. The root has a bitter taste, is considered a tonic for the body and lungs, regulating menstrual, phlegm, mild diuretic. In Nicaragua, rhizome water is used to treat edema. Root fluid is applied externally to treat allergic rashes. In the roots and seeds, there are also pterygospermin antibiotics.
2.4. The bark is used to treat vitamin C deficiency, sometimes used to treat diarrhea.
2.5. In recent years, studies published in the journal "Phytotherapy Rechearch" and "Hort Science" have also shown various effects of Moringa, such as fighting against hypoglycemia, reducing swelling, cure stomach ulcers, treat low blood pressure and even soothe the central nervous system.
3. Regarding industrial application: the wood grapes tree Very light, can be used as firewood, but the energy is not high. It is considered a potential source for the paper industry and is also used for green inoculants. The bark is able to provide tannins (tannins, tannins), tar oils and coarse fibers.
4. Morphological characteristics: Moringa There is a small tree with a height of 8 - 10m. Double-leaved leaves 3 times, 30-60 cm long, with many moldy, green, moldless leaflets, 1.3-2 cm long, 0.3 - 0.6 cm wide; leaves with shoots. Fragrant, large, slightly pea-like flower, corolla consists of 5 petals, white, perched up, about 2.5 cm wide. The binary consists of 5 stamens interlaced with 5 stamens. 1-ovary ovary due to 3 ovules, attaching embryos. The capsule is 30 - 120 cm long, 2 cm wide, when dry, it opens into 3 thick pieces. Many seeds (about 20), round flat, to about 1 cm wide, surrounded by 3 thin wings.
5. Classification characteristics: Moringa nông lâm is one of 13 species of the genus Moringa, the family Moringaceae, with the scientific name of Moringa oleifera Lamk .. Of which, Moringa is a genus name, Latinized from the native name of the original Tamil murungakkai, oleifera means oil, is grafted from olei- (oil) and -fera (bearing, containing). The synonym is Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn. (pterygosperma: winged embryos, antibiotic name pterydospermin also from here), Guilandina moringa L., Moringa moringa (L.) Small.
6. Products packed: Moringa tea nông lâm
Moringa oleifera products are very special only when using the cold-drying technology to meet the 100 nutritional ingredients, The products that do not use proper storage technology and drying technology will take 50 to 70 nutrients in roots, stems, flowers and moringa. The selection of reputable brand and the full application of technology will help customers use the product safely and economically.
Moringa Plant - Moringa - supports the treatment of diseases: Impaired resistance, malnutrition, physical weakness, picky eaters, stress (stress), anemia, enhance resistance, induce Health supplements are very good for malnourished children and the elderly need nutrients, calcium, vitamins, and vitamins
- Use 2-4 teaspoons (2g-4g) each time in a cup of boiled water.
- After 3-5 minutes, you can use it.
- Can be taken several times a day, good for health.
- Seal tightly, fasten after use. Preserved in dry, cool place.
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Source: Health Magazine